Last updated: March 6, 2020

The Union of the Comoros is an archipelago consisting of several main islands in the Mozambique Channel, which lie north of Madagascar. The capital is Moroni. The Comoros are roughly the size of the Saarland and have a population of around 821,000. Since 2016 Azali Assoumani is again President of the Comoros, which are constituted as a federal Islamic republic.

The Comoros are a member of numerous international organizations such as the UN, the Arab League, the African Union (AU), the Organization for Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the Indian Ocean Commission, the Common Market for Southern and Eastern Africa (COMESA), the International Organization of Francophonie and the Movement of the Non-Aligned States. The government of the Comoros is committed to climate protection, biodiversity, the containment of desert expansion, the Convention on the Law of the Sea, the protection of the ozone layer, sustainable seafaring and other measures of sustainable cooperation.

The most common export to Germany is vanilla. Other major exports are generally cloves and ylang ylang. Imported goods from Germany are mainly machinery as well as food and feed. The Comoros are only one of four Arab countries whose exports to Germany exceed imports from Germany. Around half of the Comorian GDP is produced by agriculture, fishing and forestry. Around 80 percent of the workforce is also employed in these sectors. Fires – triggered by extreme climatic conditions – reduce economic productivity. The Comoros are also facing the challenge of reforming the education and health systems and ensuring basic services. In addition, the government plans to