Last updated: July 1st, 2021

The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a country on the western edge of the Sahara desert, which covers around 70 percent of the country’s area. Mauritania is almost three times larger than Germany, but with around four million inhabitants it is much less populated. The capital is Nouakchott on the Atlantic coast.

The presidential republic is led by Mohamed Ould Ghazouani, who won the 2019 presidential elections. His predecessor, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, did not run for more than two terms in accordance with the constitution.

The main sources of income for the Mauritanian economy are the export of iron ore and fishing. The country has numerous fisheries agreements. Mauritania is only one of four Arab countries whose exports to Germany – albeit just slightly – exceed imports from Germany. The continuously high, recently slightly declining population growth of an estimated 2.09 percent (2020) was again significantly exceeded by the growth in GDP of an estimated 3.6 percent (2018).

With the biennial international mining, oil, and gas fair “Mauritanides”, Mauritania shows its leading role in the field of iron ore, copper, gold, silver, oil, and gas. To a lesser extent, there is cement, plaster of paris, quartz, salt, and crude steel in Mauritania. The country is among the fifteen major iron ore exporters in the world and is the third largest producer and exporter of iron ore in Africa (after South Africa and Sierra Leone). There are also large untapped phosphate deposits. While there is hardly any manufacturing industry, the agriculture, fisheries, and livestock industries are strong.

With the support of international donors, a national action program for environmental issues and sustainable development was drawn up to think about diversifying the economy, securing basic services, and improving state infrastructure. Mauritania also has two large national parks, the Parc National de Diawling in the south of the country on the border with Senegal and the Parc National du Banc d’Arguin on the west coast. Finally, the country offers interesting investment opportunities for the use of solar energy.

Conditions for obtaining a visa

valid passport (6 months)
1 application form
1 passport photo
valid passport (6 months)
1 application form
1 passport photo
Certificate of the type of trip / job title
Submission to customs of a “carnet de passage”
Short stay visa
(less than 3 months): € 93.75
Long stay visa
(3 months to 1 year): € 125.00
This sum must be attached to the application (as cash)
Please enclose a stamped return envelope Tariff: by registered mail
From abroad, enclose the corresponding return postage
The visa is usually issued within 10 working days after receipt of the application . It is recommended to give a telephone number for possible additional information.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us:
>> Here you can find the application form in the members area.

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