Last updated: January 11, 2019

The Palestinian Territories are in the Middle East and consist of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The areas border on Israel as well as Egypt in the south and Jordan in the east. Together they are a little more than twice the size of the Saarland. The Gaza Strip alone is roughly the size of Bremen. A total of around 4.8 million people live in the Palestinian Territories. Just over 60 percent of them are younger than 25 years old. The seat of government is Ramallah.

As Palestine, the country is a member of the Arab League. At the UN, it has had observer status since 2012, after joining UNESCO in 2011. After the death of long-time Palestinian leader and President Yasser Arafat, Mahmoud Abbas was elected President of the Palestinian Authority in 2005.

By far the most important trading partner of the Palestinian Territories is Israel. Over 80 percent of all exports go there and almost 60 percent of all imports come from there. Germany mainly supplies motor vehicles and motor vehicle parts, chemical products and machines to the Palestinian territories. Mainly natural oils, fats and waxes as well as food are imported.

Around 90 percent of the Palestinian economy consists of small and medium-sized companies. 85 percent of the workforce are employed there and generate around 28 percent of GDP. The main focus of economic activities in the West Bank is on services, construction, the pharmaceutical industry, information and communication technology and agriculture. Corresponding jobs are to be created in the specially built planned town of Rawabi. The economic recovery and reconstruction of the country – particularly the Gaza Strip – is a long-term process that requires further international support.