Last updated: February 23, 2023
The Union of the Comoros is an archipelago consisting of several main islands in the Mozambique Channel, located north of Madagascar. The capital is Moroni. Comoros as a whole is about the size of Saarland and has a population of about 876,000, of which more than 56 percent are under the age of 25. In 2019, current president and incumbent Azali Assoumani was re-elected president of Comoros, which is constituted as a federal Islamic republic.
Comoros is a member of numerous international organizations, including the UN, the Arab League, the African Union (AU), the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the Indian Ocean Commission, the Common Market for Southern and Eastern Africa (COMESA), the International Organization of La Francophonie, and the Non-Aligned Movement. The federal government of Comoros is committed to climate protection, biodiversity, desertification mitigation, the Law of the Sea Convention, ozone layer protection, sustainable shipping, and other sustainable cooperation measures.
The most common export commodity to Germany is vanilla. Other important export goods are generally cloves and ylang ylang. Import goods from Germany are mainly machinery and foodstuffs, as well as animal feed. Comoros is one of only five Arab countries whose exports to Germany exceed imports from Germany. In 2022, goods worth 3.8 million euros were exported to Germany. Around half of Comoros’ gross domestic product is generated in agriculture, fisheries and forestry. These sectors also employ about 80 percent of the workforce. Fires-triggered by extreme climatic conditions-reduce economic productivity. Recovery from the damage caused by Cyclone Kenneth in 2019 was delayed by the Covid 19 pandemic. Comoros also faces challenges such as reforming its education and health systems and ensuring basic services. In addition, the government plans to diversify the export economy and expand the tourism sector, for example.