Comoros

Last updated: July 2nd, 2021

The Union of the Comoros is an archipelago consisting of several main islands in the Mozambique Channel, located north of Madagascar. The capital is Moroni. Comoros as a whole is about the size of the Saarland and has a population of around 864,000, over half of whom are under the age of 25. In 2019, former president and incumbent Azali Assoumani was reelected president of the Comoros, which is constituted as a federal Islamic republic.
 
Comoros is a member of numerous international organisations such as the UN, the Arab League, the African Union (AU), the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the Indian Ocean Commission, the Common Market for Southern and Eastern Africa (COMESA), the International Organisation of La Francophonie, and the Non-Aligned Movement. The Comorian federal government is committed to climate protection, biodiversity, the containment of desertification, the Convention on the Law of the Sea, the protection of the ozone layer, sustainable shipping, and other measures of sustainable cooperation.
 
The most common export commodity to Germany is vanilla. Other important export goods are generally cloves and ylang ylang. Import goods from Germany are mainly machinery and food as well as animal feed. Comoros is only one of four Arab countries whose exports to Germany exceed imports from Germany. Around half of the Comorian GDP is produced by agriculture, fishing, and forestry. These sectors also employ about 80 percent of the labour force. Fires – triggered by extreme climatic conditions – reduce economic productivity. Recovery from damage caused by cyclone Kenneth in 2019 has been delayed by the Covid-19 pandemic. Comoros also faces challenges including reforming the education and health systems and ensuring basic services. In addition, the government plans to diversify the export economy and expand the tourism sector, for example.